OFDA Fact Sheet
- USAID/OFDA humanitarian assistancesince fiscal year (FY) 2003: $442 million.
- Humanitarian Sectors: Agriculture and food security; economic recovery and market systems (ERMS); logistics and emergency relief commodities; health; humanitarian coordination and information management; nutrition; protection; shelter and settlements; and water, sanitation, and hygiene (WASH).
- Iraq Government Counterparts: Ministry of Displacement and Migration, Ministry of Labor and Social Affairs, Ministry of Education, Ministry of Women’s Affairs, Ministry of Construction and Housing, Ministry of Agriculture, Ministry of Water Resources, Ministry of Municipalities and Public Works.
Current Humanitarian Situation
The international humanitarian community estimates that 2.8 million people are displaced in Iraq, including 1.6 million following the February 2006 Al-Askari mosque bombing in Samarra. In addition, the Office of the U.N. High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) registered approximately 230,000 Iraqi refugees in neighboring countries as of December 2010.
Since 2003, USAID/OFDA has contributed more than $442 million in humanitarian assistance to Iraq, with approximately $15 million provided since October 2010. Despite insecurity and intermittent humanitarian access, USAID/OFDA grantees have consistently provided humanitarian aid to vulnerable individuals in Iraq, including IDPs, returnees, female and elderly heads of household, orphans, the disabled, widows, and large families. USAID/OFDA grantees provide transitional and emergency shelter, WASH facilities and services, livelihoods support, humanitarian coordination and information management, protection for vulnerable groups, and logistics and relief commodities. By supporting humanitarian relief efforts in a variety of sectors, USAID/OFDA grantees improve vulnerable communities’ resilience to disasters and mitigate the impact of environmental and conflict-induced displacement.
In FY 2011, USAID/OFDA has provided humanitarian assistance through the International Rescue Committee (IRC), International Relief and Development (IRD), and IOM. In FY 2010, USAID/OFDA provided assistance through six NGOs and two international organizations. In FY 2011 and FY 2010, USAID/OFDA programs have targeted more than 1.3 million vulnerable individuals nationwide.
Lackof adequate shelter is one of the most pressing issues facing IDPs, returnees, and other vulnerable populations throughout Iraq. In response, USAID/OFDA has provided funding for emergency and transitional shelter for more than 18,500 individuals in FY 2010 and FY 2011.
USAID/OFDA grantees continue to address underemployment by working with local authorities to provide the vocational training and physical resources required to build local human capacity and restart businesses. USAID/OFDA economic recovery programs reached up to 53,000 individuals in FY 2010 and 2011.
USAID/OFDA also supports WASH interventions, including water infrastructure rehabilitation and hygiene promotion training. USAID/OFDA WASH activities benefited more than 467,000 in FY 2010 and have targeted approximately 160,000 beneficiaries to date in FY 2011.
Emergency Relief Supplies: With FY 2010 USAID/OFDA funding, IOM pre-positioned approximately 5,000 relief commodity kits for use by up to 30,000 individuals. Most recently, IOM distributed pre-positioned relief commodities to religious minorities affected by sectarian violence in Baghdad, Sulaymaniyah, and Erbil governorates.
USAID’s Office of U.S. Foreign Disaster Assistance (USAID/OFDA)
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